This episode is primarily relevant to professionals. In this episode, R. Trent Codd, III, Ed.S. interviews Rob DeRubeis, PhD about the Dodo Bird Hypothesis. Specifically, they discuss:
- What the Dodo Bird Hypothesis is
- The history of this research literature
- Whether all psychotherapies have roughly the same outcomes and where this notion comes from
- The role of allegiance in psychotherapy research
ROBERT J. DERUBEIS, PhD BIOGRAPHY
Samuel H. Preston Term Professor in the Social Sciences and Professor of Psychology and Education
Chair, Department of Psychology, University of Pennsylvania
Dr. DeRubeis has been on the Penn faculty since his appointment as assistant professor in 1983 after receiving his doctorate in clinical psychology from the University of Minnesota. He has served as associate dean for the Social Sciences in the School of Arts and Sciences, and director of Clinical Training in the Psychology Department’s doctoral training program in Clinical Psychology. He is currently chair of the Department of Psychology.
He has authored or co-authored more than 100 articles and book chapters on topics that center on the treatment of depression. He received the Academy of Cognitive Therapy’s Aaron T. Beck Award in 2004 for his contributions to research on cognitive therapy. His empirical research comparing the benefits of cognitive therapy and medications for severe depression, published in theAmerican Journal of Psychiatry and the Archives of General Psychiatry, has been the subject of media reports in The Economist, The Wall Street Journal, and USA Today. In 2010 he presented a briefing to the Congressional Biomedical Research Caucus on Capitol Hill in Washington, D.C.
Research Interests and Current Projects
Dr. DeRubeis’s research focuses on the processes that cause and maintain disorders of mood, as well as the treatment processes that reduce and prevent the return of mood symptoms. The contexts for this work are randomized clinical trials in which the effects of antidepressant medications are compared with cognitive therapy in people with major depressive disorder. Along with his students and collaborators, he examines the data obtained in these trials to further an understanding of the mechanisms through which these treatments exert their effects. He also develops and refines the methods that are required for testing hypotheses with longitudinal data.
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Posted in Effectiveness, Pseudoscience/Critical Thinking, Professionals, Consumers, Professionals and Consumers, Healthcare Professional, Children/Adolescents, Family, Disruptive Behavior Disorders, Defiant teens on Aug 31st, 2010 Comments
This episode is primarily relevant to consumers and professionals.
In this episode, R. Trent Codd, III, Ed.S. interviews Marolyn Morford, PhD about Reactive Attachment Disorder. Specifically, they discuss:
- What Reactive Attachment Disorder is
- Difficulties with the RAD Diagnosis
- The weak relationship between attachment treatment and attachment research
- The dangers associated with many of the “specialized” treatments for RAD
- “Thinking Errors” that lead clinicians and parents to make faulty conclusions about extreme behavior problems
- Effective treatments for extreme behavior problems
Marolyn Morford, PhD Biography
Marolyn Morford received a B.A. in French Language and Literature, then tossed away her frivolous life and pursued a PhD from the University of Chicago in Educational Psychology, Committee on Child Development, becoming licensed in psychology practice. She has received clinical training in hospital, community, and school contexts, is licensed in Pennsylvania as a psychologist, and listed in the National Health Register of Service Providers in Psychology. She is past president of the Central Pennsylvania Psychologist Association, a member of the American Psychological Association’s Division 53 (Clinical Child Psychology), the Association of Behavioral and Cognitive Therapists, Pennsylvania Psychological Association’s Child Custody Task Force, Committee on Ethics, Continuing Education, the Practice-Research Network, and chair of PPA’s E-newsletter. She has over 25 years of experience working with children and their families as well as young adults. Besides her clinical practice, at the Center for Child and Adult Development in State College, she enjoys consulting to schools, groups and individuals providing direct care, and giving presentations to professional and community groups to increase awareness of human development, behavior, and emotional health needs.
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This episode is primarily relevant to professionals.
In this episode, R. Trent Codd, III, Ed.S. interviews Irving Kirsch, PhD about his research on antidepressant effectiveness. In this episode they discuss:
- An overview of the current controversy pertaining to the effectiveness of antidepressants
- How antidepressants perform relative to placebo
- A summation of Dr. Kirsch's research in the area
- Criticisms leveled at Dr. Kirsch's conclusions as well as Dr. Kirsch's responses to those criticisms
- Effective treatments for depression
IRVING KIRSCH, PHD BIOGRAPHY
Irving Kirsch is professor of psychology at the University of Hull and professor emeritus at the University of Connecticut. He has published 10 books and more than 200 scientific journal articles and book chapters on placebo effects, antidepressant medication, hypnosis, and suggestion. His meta-analyses on the efficacy of antidepressants were covered extensively in the international media and influenced official guidelines for the treatment of depression in the United Kingdom. His book, The Emperor's New Drugs: Exploding the Antidepressant Myth, was published in the UK by The Bodley Head, a division of Random House, and by Basic Books in the US. It has also been published in Japanese, and French and Polish editions are currently in press.
Reading related to this episode can be found here:
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This podcast is primarily relevant to consumers.
In this episode, R. Trent Codd, III, Ed.S., interviews journalist Maia Szalavitz about her work in the area she calls the "Troubled-Teen Industry." In this episode they discuss:
- What the “Troubled-Teen Industry” is
- What the research has to say about the effectiveness of “wilderness treatment” programs
- Dangers associated with some of these programs
- The problem of "peer deviancy training"
- Suggestions for parents with out-of-control and substance abusing teens
MAIA SZALAVITZ BIOGRAPHY
Maia Szalavitz is a journalist who covers health, science and public policy. She is co-author, with leading child trauma expert Bruce D. Perry, MD, PhD, of Born for Love: Why Empathy is Essential-- And Endangered (Morrow, 2010) and The Boy Who Was Raised as a Dog and Other Stories from a Child Psychiatrist's Notebook: What Traumatized Children Can Teach Us About Loss, Love and Healing (Basic, 2007). She is also the author of Help at Any Cost: How the Troubled-Teen Industry Cons Parents and Hurts Kids (Riverhead, 2006) and co-author, with Dr. Joseph Volpicelli, M.D., Ph.D. of the University of Pennsylvania, of Recovery Options: The Complete Guide: How You and Your Loved Ones Can Understand and Treat Alcohol and Other Drug Problems (John S. Wiley, 2000). She has written for numerous major publications including the New York Times, Time Magazine online, Elle, the Washington Post, O: The Oprah Magazine, New York Magazine and New Scientist.
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An excellent resource for anyone interested in empirically-based psychotherapy is Psychotherapy Brown Bag. In addition to being our good friends, they provide a wonderful resource. Please visit them here: www.psychotherapybrownbag.com
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This podcast is relevant to both professionals and consumers.
In this episode, R. Trent Codd, III, Ed.S., LPC, LCAS interviews Michael P. Twohig, PhD about Pornography addiction. Topics discussed include:
- Definitional matters pertaining to the definition of pornography addiction
- The first controlled outcome study for the treatment of this problem
- An Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) approach to treating pornography addiction
- His research program as it pertains to the treatment of pornography addiction
Dr. Twohig Biography:
Michael P. Twohig, Ph.D. is an assistant professor at Utah State University. He received his B.A. and M.S. from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, his Ph.D. from the University of Nevada, Reno, and completed his clinical internship in the CBT track at the University of British Columbia. His research spans a variety of areas including the treatment of obsessive compulsive disorder and OC-spectrum disorders, substance use, mechanisms of action, and multicultural issues. He has published over 50 scholarly works including two books: An ACT-Enhanced Behavior Therapy approach to the Treatment of Trichotillomania (with Woods) and ACT Verbatim for Depression and Anxiety (with Hayes). His research is funded through multiple sources including the NIMH.
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This episode is relevant to both consumers and professionals.
In this episode, R. Trent Codd, III, Ed.S., LPC, LCAS interviews Jeff Lohr, PhD. They discuss many issues, including:
- The importance of scientifically-driven psychotherapy
- The role of the therapeutic relationship in psychotherapy outcome – is it all that’s important?
- How consumers can locate a competent psychotherapist who provides scientifically-based psychotherapy
- Why consumers should be concerned about practitioners who self-identify their approach to psychotherapy as "ecclectic"
- Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) and the concerns research has identified with this approach
- Things consumers should be cautious of when seeking a psychotherapist
Biosketch Jeff Lohr, PhD
Jeffrey M. Lohr, PhD, is Professor of Psychology at the University of Arkansas-Fayetteville. He has been a licensed psychologist in Arkansas with a part-time independent practice since 1976. Dr. Lohr’s research interests focus on anxiety disorders, domestic violence, and the efficacy of psychosocial treatments. His teaching interests include abnormal psychology, behavior modification and therapy, research methods, and professional issues in mental health practice.
READING RELATED TO THIS EPISODE
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